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      1. 新東方網>南京新東方學校>大學>四六級>正文


        2016-05-19 17:37



        Part I  Writing
        The saying in question is simply telling us about the significance of independent thinking. If one doesn’t want to be ordinary, he has to be a person with independent thinking. Instead of following the crowd, he makes his own decision and cares for his life goals. If he spends all his life doing what the people around him usually do, he will definitely achieve little of his dream.
        Many successful people accomplished a great deal in their life, not because they’re extraordinarily clever, but because they do what they think is right, never copying others’ way of thinking or way of doing things. Steve Jobs, the late CEO of the Apple company, is such a person with independent way of thinking. In designing new models of iPhones, he never tried to copy other mobile phone producers. He held fast to his uniqueness in the design of iPhones. Of course, there were a lot of protest against his “stubbornness” in his products. However, he persisted in designing his phones in his own way.
        Honestly speaking, to be independent may meet a lot of challenges. However, it’s worthwhile securing independent thinking both in life and at work. For one thing, schools should pay more attention to respecting the individuality in their students in classroom teaching and to developing their awareness of their strengths. For another, the whole society should adopt a tolerant attitude towards people with independent ways of thinking.

        Part II  Listening Comprehension
        Section A
        1-4 ABCD  5-8 CBCB
        Section B
        9-11 DAD  12-15 DABD
        Section C
        16-19 CBBA  20-22 DCC  23-25 D CA

        Part III   Reading Comprehension
        Section A
        36. M  37. C  38. A  39. N  40. H  
        41. B  42. J  43. D  44. F  45. O

        Section B
        46. J  47. M  48. H  49. B  50. I  
        51. O  52. E  53. A  54. L  55. C

        Section C
        Passage One
        56. C  57. C  58. B  59. B  60. A
        Passage Two
        61. A  62. B  63. A  64. C  65. B

        Part IV  Translation
        The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan, was the empire or ruling dynasty established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian clan. Although the Mongols had ruled territories including today’s North China for decades, it was not until 1271 that Kublai Khan officially proclaimed the dynasty in the traditional Chinese style. His realm controlled most of present-day China and its surrounding areas, including modern Mongolia and Korea. It was the first foreign dynasty to rule all of China and lasted until 1368. Only some of the Mongolian Emperors of the Yuan mastered the Chinese language, while the others only used their native language—Mongolian.

        Section A
        Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear some questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.
        Conversation One
        M: Hi! How was your trip?
        W: Wonderful I spent most of my time at the art museum. I especially liked the new wing. I was amazed to hear the guide explain the problems they had building it.
        M: Right. I just read an article that went on and on about the cost. 90 million in total, I think.
        W: Yeah. The guide mentioned that. You could see they spared no expense.
        M: Huh. It looked really unusual, at least from what I saw in the picture.
        W: It is. The basic design is two triangles. In fact there are triangles all over. The paving stones in the courtyard, the skylights and even a lot of the sculptures. One sculpture is a mobile. It's in the courtyard and it's made of pieces of aluminum that moves slowly in the air. It's really impressive.
        M: That was in the article too. It said that the original was steel and it weighed so much that it wasn't safe to hang.
        W: Right. They did it over in aluminum so it wouldn't come crashing down on someone's head.
        M: You know the article went into that in detail. There was even an interview with the sculptor.
        W: I'd like to read that. Would you mind if I borrow the magazine sometime?
        M: No. I wouldn't mind if I haven't thrown it out yet.

        Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
        1. What did the woman think of the new wing of the museum?
        2. How had the man learned about the museum?
        3. According to the woman, what do the paving stones, skylights and mobile have in common?
        4. What was the problem with the original mobile?

        Conversation Two
        W: So how are things going with your roommate?
        M: Oh man, he’s still really irritating me. I can’t wait till the semester is over.
        W: But Bob, the semester won’t be over for two and a half months! You have to figure out how, you know, how to work this stuff out. Yeah, you have to talk to him.
        M: Yeah, but I don’t know what to say. I mean, I don’t want to hurt his feeling or offend him or anything. But, seriously, if he doesn’t get rid of those pizza boxes, I think I’m going to get angry.
        W: See, this is why you have to talk to him. Because, you’re obviously frustrated. I mean, I don’t think it’s unreasonable for you not to want empty food containers lying around the room. I mean, they could attracted cockroaches. 
        M: And it’s not just the pizza boxes, which, believe me, are bad enough! His socks are everywhere, his papers are all over my desk, and his tube of toothpaste is oozing and seeping all over our bathroom sink. He won’t even put a cap on it! I really think it’s unsanitary. I mean, I don’t want to get sick.
        W: Oh, man! That’s really disgusting. You could definitely get sick from that. It’s just so unhygienic. You just have to talk to him. Just be calm, and tell him that you don’t appreciate his mess. Oh! You could even suggest that two of you clean the room together once a week. If he has to clean up his own mess, maybe he won’t make one!
        M: Yeah, I suppose I could give that a try. I really appreciate the suggestions. I mean, I guess I really do have to figure something out because we’re not even halfway through the semester.
        W: Hey, don’t mention it. And if you need a pep talk or anything, you can always ask. I’m happy to be of assistance.
        Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
        5. What is this conversation mostly about?
        6. How long is left for this semester? 
        7. What does the woman suggest the man to do?
        8. What will the man do at the woman’s advice?

        Section B
        Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
        Passage One
        The young people who talk of the village as being "dead" are talking nothing but nonsense, as in their hearts they must surely know. The village is not dead. There is more life in it now than there ever was. But it seems that "village life" is dead. Gone for ever. It began to decline about a hundred years ago, when many girls left home to go into service in town many miles away, and men also left home in increasing numbers in search of work. There are still a number of people alive today who can remember what "village life" meant. It meant knowing and being known by everybody else in the village. It meant finding your entertainment in the village of within walking distance of it. It meant housewives tied to the home all day and every day. It meant going to bed early to save lamp oil and coal.
        Then came the First World War and the Second World War. After each war, new ideas, new attitudes, new trades and occupations were revealed to villagers. The long-established order of society was no longer taken for granted. Electricity and the motorcar were steadily operating to make "village life" and "town life" almost alike. Now with the highly developed science and technology and high-level social welfare for all, there is no point whatever in talking any longer about "village life". It is just life, and a better life.
        Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard.
        9. Why do some young people say that the village is dead?
        10. How was the life of villagers in the past? 
        11. In the speaker's view, what brought about the change of "village life" today?

        Passage Two 
        Hello, I'm Callum Robertson and you're listening to the music show on FM106.5. In the program today as his latest project rides high in the UK album charts, we focus on Damon Albarn, the driving force behind such bands as Blur, Gorillaz, and now, The Good, The Bad and The Queen.
        Damon was born and brought up in London and while at college he started playing music with a group who were later to become Blur. Their first big commercial success was in 1994 with this track, Park Life. Damon became one of the musicians most associated with the mid-nineties music scene known as Brit Pop. Brit Pop was the revival of guitar-based rock pop, and for a few years there was fierce competition between Blur and fellow Brit Pop act Oasis. Oasis were the rough working class rockers and Blur were seen as the intelligent art school band. The battle of the Brit Pop bands was on and the number one spot was taken by Blur.
        Damon's next commercial venture was the Gorillaz. The band members were represented by four cartoon characters who all had their own distinctive characters and life stories which can be found on their website. Their first album 2001's Gorillaz, sold over 6 million copies and earned them an entry in the Guinnes Book of Records as the Most Successful Virtual Band.
        In 2006 Damon formed his current band, a name very similar to the title of a film, The Good, the Bad and The Ugly which starred Clint Eastwood, a famous actor and director. The band released their first single in October last year.

        Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.
        12. What is the name of Damon's band now?
        13. What do we learn about Blur according to the speaker?
        14. What is characteristic of Gorillaz? 
        15. What probably inspired Damon to give the name to his current band?

        Section C
        Directions: In this section, you will hear recordings of lectures or talks followed by some questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

        Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 16 to 19.
        Today, I’m going to be talking about time. Specifically I’ll be looking at how people think about time, and how these time perspectives structure our lives. According to social psychologists, there are six ways of thinking about time, which are called personal time zones.
        The first two are based in the past. Past positive thinkers spend most of their time in a state of nostalgia, fondly remembering moments such as birthdays, marriages and important achievements in their life. These are the kinds of people who keep many family records, books and photo albums. People living in the past negative time zone are also absorbed by earlier times, but they focus on all the bad things – regrets, failures, poor decisions. They spend a lot of time thinking about how life could have been.
        Then, we have people who live in the present. Present hedonists are driven by pleasure and immediate sensation. Their life motto is to have a good time and avoid pain. Present fatalists live in the moment too, but they believe this moment is the product of circumstances entirely beyond their control; it’s their fate. Whether it’s poverty, religion or society itself, something stops these people from believing they can play a role in changing their outcomes in life. Life simply “is” and that’s that.
        Looking at the future time zone, we can see that people classified as future active are the planners and go-getters. They work rather than play and resist temptation. Decisions are made based on potential consequences, not on the experience itself. A second future-orientated perspective, future fatalistic, is driven by the certainty of life after death and some kind of a judgement day when they will be assessed on how virtuously they have lived and what success they have had in their lives.
        Okay, let’s move on. You might ask “how do these time zones affect our lives?” Well, let’s start at the beginning. Everyone is brought into this world as a present hedonist. No exceptions. Our initial needs and demands – to be warm, secure, fed and watered – all stem from the present moment. But things change when we enter formal education – we’re taught to stop existing in the moment and to begin thinking about future outcomes.
        But, did you know that every nine seconds a child in the USA drops out of school? For boys, the rate is much higher than for girls. We could easily say “Ah, well, boys just aren’t as bright as girls” but the evidence doesn’t support this. A recent study states that boys in America, by the age of twenty one, have spent 10,000 hours playing video games. The research suggests that they’ll never fit in the traditional classroom because these boys require a situation where they have the ability to manage their own learning environment.

        16. What is the characteristic of a past positive thinker?
        17. What do the fatalists believe in?
        18. When do all of us become present pleasure-seekers?
        19. Why do American boys drop out of school at a higher rate than girls?

        Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 20 to 22.
        If you are in any major city in America, the chances are high that you are not far from a Starbucks. In fact, you might be very close to several of these coffee stores. The company started in the West Coast city of Seattle, Washington, in nineteen seventy-one. Starbucks was named after a character in the famous American novel "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville. Today, there are more than twelve thousand Starbucks around the world.
        Sales last year were almost eight billion dollars. The company believes in opening many stores in busy areas of cities. For example, there are about thirty Starbucks stores in downtown Seattle. Recently, three Starbucks opened in the area near VOA headquarters in Washington, D.C. 
        Starbucks sells more than just plain coffee. It started a whole coffee culture with its own special language and coffee workers called baristas. It sells many kinds of hot and cold coffee drinks, like White Chocolate Mocha and Frappuccino. It also sells music albums, coffee makers, food, and even books. But most of all, it sells the idea of being a warm and friendly place for people to sit, read or talk. 
        Starbucks is a great success story. Buyers are willing to pay as much as five dollars for a coffee drink. People we talked to said they go to Starbucks because they can depend on it to have exactly what they want and to be nearby. 
        However, some people do not like the company's aggressive expansion. Owners of independent coffee stores cannot compete with Starbucks. One small coffee seller is taking the company to court. She says the way the company does business is illegal because it stops property owners from leasing stores to other coffee companies. She sees Starbucks as controlling the market and forcing out competition.
        Nicolas O'Connell works for La Colombe, a coffee roasting company based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He says Starbucks has helped to educate people about coffee from many countries. But he criticizes the company for using machines more than people to make the coffee. Mister O'Connell points out that the coffee culture is all about a handmade product and interaction between people. 

        20. Where did Starbucks, the store name, come from?
        21. What is Starbucks' most extraordinary character?
        22. Why does Mr. O'Connell not like Starbucks?

        Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25.
        Earthquakes are something that most people fear. There are some places that have few or no earthquakes. Most places in the world, however, have them regularly. Some places, like Iran and Guatemala, have them frequently. Countries that have a lot of earthquakes are usually quite mountainous.
        The most talked-about earthquake in the United States was in San Francisco in 1906. Over 500 people died in it. The strongest one in North America was in 1964. It happened in Alaska.
        Strong earthquakes are not always the ones that kill the most people. In 1755 one of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded was felt in Portugal. Around 20,000 people died. In 1923 a very powerful earthquake hit the Tokyo-Yokohama area of Japan. 140,000 people died. Most of them died in fires which followed the earthquake.
        One of the worst earthquakes ever reported was in China in 1976. It killed over 655,000 people. The worst earthquake ever reported was also in China. 830,000 people were killed in this earthquake which happened in 1556.
        Earthquakes are not the only acts of nature which people fear. Floods and tidal waves also cause people to be afraid. So do bad storms like typhoons and cyclones. Sometimes these things cause lots of deaths. In 1970 a cyclone and tidal wave killed over 200.000 in Pakistan.
        These kinds of things make people afraid and they are very dangerous. But they probably do not worry people as much as earthquakes, especially in these modern times. The reason is that we often know they are coming, we have some warning. Someday we may be able to know an earthquake is coming. So far, however, no sure way is known to predict an earthquake precisely.

        23. How often do most places have earthquakes?
        24. Which earthquake is the most talked about in the United States?
        25. Why do earthquakes worry people so much?




        • 泡泡少兒
        • 優能中學
        • 國內考試
        • 出國留學


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